- My age:
- l am not sixty yet
- My sex:
- Color of my hair:
- Crisp hair
- My body type:
- My figure features is quite fat
When Talking Movies first aired 20 years ago, A-listers like Tom Cruise and Julia Roberts had enormous clout; they were able to command huge box-office s just by appearing in a film. Nowadays the landscape is very different. Some savvy actors such as Tom Cruise and Robert Downey Jr have aligned themselves with successful franchises, which has helped them retain their influence for longer. And there are still a handful of exceptional stars who prove a big draw at the box office. Love film?
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Many actors have undergone transformations, from Olivia Colman morphing from a British sitcom mainstay into a serious actress of international repute, to Robert DeNiro trading method-actor intensity for jovial fare like Meet The Fockers — but no-one has made quite such a provocative career turn as Dirk Bogarde. The British actor had two distinct phases: from he lit up screens as a dashing matinee idol, and then, fromhe chose roles that challenged received morality and that pushed the scope of cinema. All the while, he stayed alive to the world beyond his forcefield, as revealed by the entertaining letters he wrote to everyone from collaborators to random penpals.
Bogarde became a pin-up in the s thanks to his role as dashing medic Simon Sparrow in the Doctor film series Credit: Alamy. As we approach the centenary of his birth this weekend, it's interesting to reflect on a unique star whose legacy is a clarion call to pursue creative freedom. By the time he became an actor he had experienced enough of the heaviness of life to take fame lightly. Bogarde was, as his official biographer John Coldstream tells BBC Culture, "box-office catnip" and had been since 's Doctor in the House, a lightweight comedy about hijinx in a London hospital.
His Simon is quietly dashing, a soulful presence in contrast with brasher peers, whose nurse-ogling is played for laughs and so has not aged well. Sparrow captured the public imagination, and it was rare to find a film magazine in the 50s that didn't feature Dirk frowning under a soft forelock of dark hair. Contracted to British studio The Rank Organisation sincehe was busting out movies at a rate of three to four a year, and his status seemed set as a crowd-pleasing A-lister. He had been an above-the-title name since playing a seductive footman in Esther Watersand by the early s, he was a big face in the celebrity industrial complex, placing highly in best movie star polls — indeed, as relayed by Coldstream in his biographyOlwen Evans, a shorthand typist from Kent "won" a date with Bogarde, in the Daily Mirror's Teen Queen contest.
Then, in with his contract at Rank coming to an end, Bogarde took the role of barrister Melville Farr in Basil Dearden's Victim, a black-and-white thriller about gay men being blackmailed under threat of exposure and jail time, which was made six years before the Sexual Offences Act decriminalised "homosexual acts in private between consenting adults" in the UK. He backed out, and the part was turned down by two more actors, James Mason and Stewart Granger, before the idea dawned on Pinewood bigwig, Earl St John, to offer it to Bogarde. In a letter written by Victim's producer Michael Relph to its co-writer Janet Green at the time, Relph notes: "In spite of the obvious dangers for [Bogarde], he jumped at it.
The obvious danger was that Bogarde was gay and living with his partner Anthony 'Tote' Forwood, as he would until Forwood died in Victim was the first British film to use the word "homosexual", and it played a role in helping the Sexual Offences Act through its year gestation period. Lord Arran, who introduced the legislation that would become the act, wrote to Bogarde in praising his "courage in undertaking this difficult and potentially damaging part", adding "It is comforting to think that perhaps a million men are no longer living in fear".
Back inon the film's release, the prospect of covering it was not a straightforward matter for critics.
Other impressed reviews rolled inas did a new kind of audience, more critical, less popular. The film ushered in a new and compelling era of Bogarde, by then aged 40 — the Bogarde that cinema-lovers still think of today. Bogarde's film Victim was the first British production to use the word "homosexual" Credit: Alamy.
He wasn't interested in Hollywood and perhaps Hollywood wasn't interested in him, although he dabbled, starring opposite Ava Gardner in war drama The Angel Wore Red. Instead, there was a mutual attraction between him and auteurs.
One of these was Joseph Losey, whose film The Servant is an immaculately crafted exploration of the power struggle between the wealthy and clueless Tony James Fox and his Machiavellian manservant Hugo Barrett Dirk. The film was scripted by Harold Pinter, and Bogarde filled those famous Pinter pauses with crafty looks galore. Tension between the two characters burns slowly, until a climax executed with merciless triumph by Barrett. A motif across Bogarde performances is the capacity to show naked cruelty — all bone, no meat; all blade, no sheath. Bogarde worked with Losey a total of five times 's The Sleeping Tiger, 's King and Country and 's Modesty Blaise were the other three and had an extensive correspondence with both Losey and Losey's wife, Patricia.
Bogarde often had a tone of brotherly exasperation at his friend and collaborator's downbeat nature. It can, actually, be fun if you try! The Losey films marked the start of Bogarde's dive into the more shadowy side of human nature. The latter, an adaptation of the Thomas Mann novella, evidences Bogarde's mastery of micro-acting via finickity movements, flare ups of quickly quelled distress, and even the pompous way he eats a strawberry.
His sickly composer Gustav Von Aschenbach based on Gustav Mahler, whose music forms the score is adrift and alone as he indulges a silent obsession with Tadzio, the embodiment of youth and beauty in the Mann original, lent an overt sexual gauze in Visconti's adaptation. This is particularly troubling in light of the abuses Bjorn Andreson, the year-old Swedish actor playing Tadzio, suffered afterwards, as chronicled in a new documentary, The Most Beautiful Boy in the World — the title that Visconti ascribed to his teenage star while they were promoting Death in Venice at the Cannes Film Festival.
For his part of Von Aschenbach, who has fled to Venice after tragedy and humiliation, Bogarde's dialogue is mainly choleric outbursts at hotel staff. Otherwise, his face performs a mute dance of longing and regret; life flashing before his eyes and amounting to less than the flesh and blood boy before him. For the finale, he has a make-over in the clownish bourgeois manner of the time: all white face powder, rosy lips and jet-black hair. As the wretched von Aschenbach lies in a deckchair, dye sweating down his face, it's hard to recall the clean-cut matinee idol who launched a thousand magazine covers.
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Bogarde did this to himself whole-heartedly, writing to Visconti afterwards: "It seems incredible to me that the film is over only by a few weeks… I am very nostalgic for it and for Gustav The most divisive — and, indeed, my favourite — Bogarde film was yet to come.
There could scarcely be a more controversial subject than that of Liliana Cavani's The Night Porter Set init sees Bogarde play Max, a night porter in a Viennese hotel, living quietly, hiding from his past identity as a Nazi officer. One day, concentration camp survivor, Lucia Charlotte Ramplingvisits the hotel and they rekindle a sadomasochistic relationship that began in the camp. What sounds from its top-line like poor-taste pornography is infused with strange powers: although Lucia should hate Max, he makes sense to her somehow. Neither character can move on from this one indelible moment in history which binds them together in abjection.
The troubling Death in Venice saw Bogarde play a sickly composer indulging a silent obsession with a teenage boy Credit: Alamy. On the way back to the airport my agent asked what we had discussed. I told her we had drunk a bit, but with all the lucidity I could muster I declared that he was my main character. The next day he couldn't really remember the conversation either but he agreed to do the film. Bogarde and Rampling were equally well cast, sharing a deep magnetism.
Instead, Dirk and Charlotte went deep into their characters, holding on to them so tightly, they almost lost themselves. The idea for these characters had fermented in Cavani over time, fuelled by the years she has spent mired in research for other projects: both watching "kilometres of film" on the Third Reich for La Storia del Terzo Reich, a four-episode series broadcast on Italy's RAI TV fromand conducting interviews herself for her one-off documentary on the same channel, La donna della resistenza, about women who had participated in the Resistance struggle.
The Auschwitz survivor had left her family and lived alone because she did not want to keep hearing the same advice: 'Forget everything! Why did Dirk want to play a character defined by the most horrific act of the 20th Century? He was shielded from a lot of that because he had a very happy relationship himself, but he was fascinated by the depths that people would go to.
In an interview for the Legends documentary, Charlotte Rampling says of Bogarde: "He was for me a good and great man, but he wasn't a goody-goody, that's for sure. He was irreverent and unshocked by taboos, drawn to edgy material, not to provoke, but to show a lesser-seen side of human nature.
He regularly rejected praise that he was "brave" as he was driven by integrity, acting out his interests with an acid sense of humour, and choosing to collaborate with idiosyncratic greats who also included John Schlesinger 's DarlingAlain Resnais 's ProvidenceRainer Werner Fassbinder 's Despair and Bertrand Tavernier 's Daddy Nostalgie.
Across the final two decades of his life, before his death inthe inveterate letter-writer almost gave up on acting, and instead turned to public penmanship in the form of six novels, ten memoirs, and wide-ranging forms of journalism. His writing is indecently great; crisp, funny, detailed and full of the feelings that powered his acting. After Forwood died from cancer inBogarde became a book reviewer for The Telegraph at literary editor Nicholas Shakespeare's suggestion. At the beginning of our call, Coldstream says simply of his old friend and colleague: "I miss him".
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Looking back at his career inspires a sense of loss — not only for Bogarde as an actor, but for a personality that served higher ideals than box-office bottom lines, and deeper truths than a wipe-clean image. Perhaps the modern star most comparable to him is Robert Pattinson, who turned his back on mega stardom after the Twilight franchise to make strange, transgressive films with directors like David Cronenberg, The Safdie Brothers and Claire Denis.
Still, Pattinson's choices are artistically niche with a side of nihilism, rather than morally challenging, and hence he is tame by comparison. There is no one today like Dirk Bogarde. Love film and TV? If you would like to comment on this story or anything else you have seen on BBC Culture, head over to our Facebook or message us on Twitter. Film Film history. Why Dirk Bogarde was a truly dangerous film star. Share using .
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He knew his box-office appeal would suffer. but by that time, he'd said, 'come on, i just want to make the work i want to make' – john coldstream
He knew his box-office appeal would suffer. But by that time, he'd said, 'Come on, I just want to make the work I want to make' — John Coldstream.
His European era The Losey films marked the start of Bogarde's dive into the more shadowy side of human nature. Every actor has his own inner orchestra, a kind of expressive instrumentation that can be very rich, which was the case with Dirk — Liliana Cavani. He was for me a good and great man, but he wasn't a goody-goody, that's for sure — Charlotte Rampling. Around the BBC.