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Tho town, which has heen styled the " Baden of Scotland," is small, airy, cleanly, ami very respectable, Bl miles s. Proudfoot, Esq. Tho town stands S78 feet above the level of the sea, and upon rising ground gently declining towards the south, immediately at the font of and embraced by a chain of mountains, which form the northern boundaiics of Dumfries-shire, with the adjacent counties of Lanark, Peebles, and Selkirk, and which completely environ it on the west, north, and east.
The huge summits of this elevated region reach to various altitudes ; some covered with wood, others beautifully chequered and skirted with plantations of un- equal size, and natural clumps of birch, oak.
The progress in these pursuits has been of late very remarkable, as shown in tho rise in the price of land, and the reputation of tho farm stock of the breeders in tho neighbourhood. The principal Btrect of the town High street is wide and spacious, laid down upon the principal recommended by the late J. M'Adam, and is clean and dry, even within a few minutes after tho heaviest fall of rain.
It is lined with ranges of excellent shops, well supplied with the necessaries and luxuries of life, aud even. In November, 1S7 - an ornamental drinking fountain was erected in the centre of the town, aud consists of a pedestal of rough sand- stone, surmounted by the figure of a ram cast iu bronze ; it was the gift of William Colvin, Esq. A short distance from the town is a hydropathic establishment ; tho building, which is of great extent, is of red sandstone, and has a grand aud imposing appearance.
The town commands an exten- sive and hue prospect of a delightful valley, stretching towards the south, interspersed with hedgerows, meadows, and cornfields, and pleasingly diversified by the windings of the river Anujtu, which has its source in an extraordinary strange and wild ravine in this district, named tho " Devil's Beef Tub," and runs at a distance of about two hundred yards along the south-west of the town, thou glides away to meet its neighbouring streams, the Evan and the Moffat, which unite about live miles below.
The surrounding plan- tations every year increasing in extent and beauty, and the cultured strath, the tree-garnished hill, the legened turret, ancient Rnman camps and ro, beautiful walks, and tho copse aud thicket free to the feet of the visitor, supply the eye with pleasure and the frame with health. About four miles north-west from hence there is a petrifying spring, and there are others that do not attract so much notice To the antiquary tho neighbourhood of Moffat presents many objects of gratification, and to these are attached traditions worthy of attention, but too numerous and prolix for detail in a work like the present.
The celebrated road maker, John Loudon M'Adam. To his credit it is recorded that, during tho whole career of his honourable independent service, ho never con- tracted for works, deeming such a method of acquiring wealth in- compatible with the duties of an engineer. On the 18th September,the eminent civil engineer, Joseph Locke, hi p. There are three principal inns, admirably conducted by their res- pective proprietors, namely, the Annandale Arms, the Buccleuch Arms, and the Star, while a fourth, the Beattock Bridge Hotel, lies south of the town and near the railway.
The Star is an elegant inn, erected a few years ago; the Buccleuch Arms formerly Craustoun's Private Hotelhas been enlarged, refitted and improved as a public inn ; while the Annandale Arms Is a placo of old repute, aud the Beattock Bridge Hotel is known to all travellers.
Moffat county lawyers
There arc likewise in the town well frequented bath rooms, to which a spacious news- room is attached for the use of visitors ; these are under excellent management. On the same premises there is a small but neat and well kept bowling green, as well as a billiard room.
The other chiof buildings are Moffat House tho town residence of the superior, J. Hope Johnstone, Esq. Tho Roman Catholic chapel is a wooden structure, which is only open for worship during the summer season. There are also three branch banks and a savings bank, the Academy, and Morrison's school.
There is a subscription library containing upwards of 4, volumes, and two newspapers, tho Annandale Herald and Moffat News and the Moffat Times, the former published ou Friday and the latter on Saturday, while each contains a visitors' list.
Moffat has long and justly been celebrated as a fashionable summer resort for invalids aud pleasure seekers, and for the medicinal virtues of its mineral waters. The "Pons Moffetenss" was described in Latin, inby Matthew Mackaile, as a spring possessing great healing virtues, sufficiently well known to excite interest ; it is now upwards of years since the discovery of the valuable qualities of this spring, during which timo it has'been much frequented from all parts of Scotland, and also by visitors from England and in some instances from Ireland; of late the summer visitors have so increased as to be ed by thousands.
In all scrofulous and scorbutic cases it is a power- ful remedy, being seldom known to prove ineffectual when the lungs were not diseased ; in the removal of bilious complaints, also, it is eminently successful, as well as in creating an appetite and pro- moting digestion, and it is an excellent specific for gravel and rheumatism; it sparkles in the glass like champagne, butis so volatile that it can be druuk in perfection only at the fountain, whither the summer sojourners hie early in the morning, on foot or by omnibus.
The other chalybeate is of a peculiar nature, ami obtained in a very curious manner, namely, by pouring water upon a rock in the side of a savage dell, called " Gartpool Linn," in the vicinity of the town.
The surface of this rock is strongly impregnated with sulphate of alumina and iron; the water ia much stronger than that of Hart- fell. Tho exquisite scenery of this Linn ha3 been laid out in walks by the munificence of the late proprietor, the Hon. Butler Johnstone, aud is freely open to tho public. The different rivers supply abundance of amusement to the trout anglex- and the celebrated alpine lake Loch Skene, whose elevation is upwards of one thousand feet above the level of the sea, contains the finest species of that fish in the south of Scotland.
The outlet of the waters of this lake is -by the lofty and magnificent cascade called the "Grey Mare's Tail," tumbling over precipitous rocks, computed to be about foet above tho level of the vale, and which appears from the opposite side of the glen to be one unbroken fall.
Moffat county lawyers
This is the loftiest fall in the British Islands; it pours its waters into the infant Moffat, which Hows on through a grand narrow pass, until it sweeps through tho domains of Duuierieff, the property of Lord Rollo, and loses itself in the Annan.
Moffat was constituted a burgh by the adoption in of the Police Act, and now possesses a commission invested with powers for the sanitary improvement of the burgh, the holding of monthly couits, and other matters concerning health and morals.
Moffat is the seat of a sheriff's small debt local court, and the justice of peace. Welsh, moderator of the first Free Church Assembly. The late Peter John- ston, Esq. Friday was tho weekly market day, but is now discontinued, although the farmers meet in great s on that day.
Moffat county family lawyers
There are two. A fair for lambs is held in July, on the Friday after Langholm.
The district is noted for its breed of cheviots ; there is a grand annual sale of rams of that breed held at the Beattock Hotel on the day before tho tup fair. Some choice specimens of stock are always forwarded, and prices per head have repeatedly exceeded one hundred guineas.
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The population of Moffat parish in was, 2,; of the town, 2, The parish of Kxrkpatrick-Juxta derives its name from its vicinity to a chapel, of which the ruins are yet visible, formerly dedicated to the famous missionary, meaning the "lands nigh to the kirk of Saint Patrick;" it is situate in the upper district of Annandale, bounded on the north by Moffat, and on the east by Wamphray, and contains 22, acres.
The celebrated Gartpool Linn is in this parish ; likewise the Castle of Auchencass, the nuns The physical item used to create this digital version is out of copyright digitised by courtesy of The Mitchell Library, Glasgow City Council. Slater, I. Isaac[Publisher].
To find similar items, select the checkboxes next to the characteristics you are interested in, then select the 'Find similar' button. Published in Manchester, . Around Scottish directories published annually by the Post Office or private publishers between and Most volumes include a general directory A-Z by surnamestreet directory A-Z by street and trade directory A-Z by trade.